Coconut Kefir & Water Kefir
Water kefir (“keh-fear”) grains — also called sugar kefir, tibicos, tibi, Japanese water crystals — are similar to kefir grains, which are used in dairy milk to make a fermented dairy drink.
In this article I’ll be giving you a recipe for coconut water kefir and water kefir. The first is one you make with coconut water from a young coconut, the second is one you make with filtered water.
Dairy kefir uses different grains (which are not grains like wheat grains – the word is used as it is in a grain of sand) to water kefir. If you want to make the type of coconut kefir that uses the meat from the coconut too, which results in a white kefir, rather than a translucent kefir, I’ll will be adding a video and recipe for that shortly (I’m writing this in April 2019).
Water kefir grains tend to be translucent, whereas milk kefir grains will be whiter, looking a little bit like cauliflower. Because water kefir grains tend to be used in a variety of liquids, they will sometimes appear different colours, depending on the colour of the liquid. So in the video for fizzy coconut kefir below, I use dark molasses and coconut sugar, which turns them brown. If you use white sugar, they’ll turn white.
No two batches of water kefir drink or grains are exactly the same in their bacterial makeup. This also means that you may find some variance in taste between two batches that you make, even with the same grains.
Like kefir grains, water kefir grains are a mix of bacteria and yeasts, which feed on the sugar in many different sugary liquids to produce lactic acid, very small amounts of ethanol (alcohol), and carbon dioxide, which carbonates the drink on the second stage fermentation, as I show in the video.
The main benefit of this process is that probiotics are produced in the final drink. It’s thought these are beneficial to the human intestines, creating an environment that aids digestion.
Growing Water Kefir Grains
Water kefir grains cannot be grown from scratch; they have to come from a donor. The good news is that you only need a very small amount to start growing them from that first batch. It seems there is an abundance of kefir grains for sale on eBay. You’ll only get very small amounts, but that’s all you need to start them multiplying.
Here are the instructions for growing kefir grains. The grains need a high amount of sugar to feed on.
For making water kefir and growing more grains
- 6 cups spring water
- 1/4 cup water kefir grains
- 1/2 cup coconut sugar or white sugar
- 1 teaspoon blackstrap molasses (optional)
- 1/8 teaspoon sodium bicarbonate
- Place all ingredients in a glass jar and cover with a breathable tight mesh material, such as a nut milk bag.
- Allow to stand at room temperature for up to 48 hours.
- Strain the liquid and reserve the grains.
- The resulting water can be drunk as is or added to smoothies for an extra boost of probiotics. You can also add fruit juice for a second stage fermentation (see recipe below).
- You should notice an increase in the volume of the kefir grains that came out, compared to when you started.
- Repeat this process until you have enough grains to keep this process going and also make coconut kefir.
Young coconut water doesn’t seem to make the kefir grains grow very fast, which I assume is because it doesn’t have much sugar beyond being able to make the coconut water ferment into kefir.
So I like to use the growing kefir grains recipe, then alternate it with the coconut kefir recipe, back and forth each batch. When you team up growing the grains with the recipe on how to make the actual kefir, you should be able to provide your daily kefir requirements on an ongoing basis.
Coconut Water Kefir
First Stage Fermentation
- 1/4 cup kefir grains
- 6 cups young coconut water
Second Stage Fermentation
- 6 cups first stage coconut water kefir
- 1 cup juice of your choice, such as orange or pineapple
First Stage Fermentation
- Combine the water kefir grains and the coconut water in a jar. Like to cover with a cloth, so I don't have to worry about gas build up.
- Allow to stand for up to 48 hours at room temperature. You can check every 12 hours to make sure the fermentation isn’t going too far.You’ll know if it’s strong enough by taste testing. (The longer you leave it, the more pungent and sour it gets.) After you’ve made a few batches, you’ll get a feel for how you prefer it.The more grains you have in the water, the less time it will need to develop. The 1/4 cup in the recipe will equate to 48 hours.Warmer room temperature will also result in quicker fermentation.
- Strain the coconut water kefir from the kefir grains, reserving the grains for another batch or to grow more. Set the coconut water kefir aside for a second stage fermentation.
Second Stage Fermentation
- Combine the coconut kefir and juice in a bottle that has a tight-sealing lid.
- Leave to stand at room temperature for 48 hours. This will cause a second stage fermentation, where the kefir will break down the sugars in the juice and go fizzy.Important: You will DEFINITELY need to open the bottle a couple of times a day, especially with juices that have more sugar, to allow the gasses to escape.The build up of gas (fizz) will be be enough to potentially smash the bottle if you don't do this.
- If your kefir is already quite fizzy after stage one, or if you just like the taste of the kefir with the juice without actually fermenting for this second stage, then you can simply add the juice and put it straight in the refrigerator, which will slow the fermentation down.
Things to look out for
- I used to think you need to rinse the grains after each brew, but now I don’t believe you do. If you are going to rinse them, avoid tap water as it may contain contaminants that harm the grains.
- You can store kefir grains in the fridge in sugar water for up to a week. You can also freeze them for up to 6 months. If you have too many grains, you can add them directly to a smoothie.
- The only metal that can touch your grains is stainless steel, as this is nonreactive metal.
- During fermentation, you’ll see the grains rising and sinking, as they produce gas when growing. This is a good sign.
- To get a fizzy second stage fermentation, you must use a tight-fitting lid on the bottle.
- The water kefir and coconut kefir will keep for several months in the fridge.
- If your grains aren’t reproducing, it’s probably because you’re not using enough sugar in the mixture. Use the recipe for growing the grains, in those amounts, to revive and get your grains going again.
- After freezing the grains, it will take several harvests to get the grains reproducing fully again.
- No matter how comprehensive my instructions here, there are so many variables that this is going to be a try-it-and-see process. This is especially true with the second stage fermentation, where different juices will have varying sugar content, so will react differently. Having said that, by following this process, you’ll have a great start to successful batches of coconut water kefir whenever you want.
Related: Interested in fermentation? Check out our free Raw Fermentation course.